The group of Radiation biophysics aims at understanding the nature and extent of damage to DNA and DNA-protein complexes induced by ionizing radiation at molecular and cellular levels. The group also pursues biophysical simulations and modeling.

The group of External exposure evaluates the exposure to cosmic radiation on the Earth, as well as in its close vicinity. The focus is also on microdosimetry and processes of energy transfer by ionizing radiation. During 2012 the group has made accessible the online database of measurements onboard aircrafts with Liulin detector and neutrons on Lomnicky stit.

The group of Radioecology utilizes analyses of several radionuclides to investigate anthropogenic influences on the environment. The group studies the occurence of radionuclides in the surroundings of nuclear and fossil fuel power plants. Using radiocarbon dating, the laboratory also participates in the research of past anthropogenic influences and climatic changes; website of the radiocarbon dating laboratory with international CRL code is available here.